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Matlab Plot - stem

In this example, we study the 'stem' instruction to plot Matlab functions.

It draws vertical lines (with a little circle at the tip) proportional to the value of the function at that particular horizontal value. 'stem' does not join the circles with a line, and it is very helpful to stress the fact that the function is not continuous but discrete.



Let's assume that we want to plot the following elegant exponential and sinusoidal function:
exponential function to demonstrate the use of Matlab plot stem


Example: let's draw a simple discrete function


We can develop a script like this:

% Avoid superimposed operations and close previous figs.
clc; clear; close all

% First, we define 51 values of our independent variable
x = 0 : 2*pi/50 : 2*pi;

% Second, we define the function to graph
y = exp(-x/3) .* sin(x);

% Third, we use the 'stem' function to plot discrete values
stem(x,y)

% We can add title and labels (as strings in arguments)
title('Demonstration of the -stem- function')
xlabel(
'angle x')
ylabel(
'f(x)')




And we get the following plot:

demonstration of Matlab plot 1 - stem function

If we define our independant variable using less points, as in

x = 0 : 2*pi/20 : 2*pi;

we get the following visual change:

Graphs with Matlab - demo of stem function - 2


From 'Matlab Plot' to home

From 'Matlab Plot' to '2D Plot Menu'


Top

Horizontal and Vertical lines

Different 2D Graphs




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